Charles II and Catherine of Braganza
It has sometimes been suggested that Charles treated his wife very badly, but this is to judge by the standards of a different age. In fact, he held Catherine in high regard and behaved towards her with unfailing courtesy. If we leave aside Charles’ numerous amours, we can say that he cared for Catherine more than many aristocratic husbands cared for their wives.
She was simply one of his women, and while she could not give him what his more exciting bedfellows gave, she occupied a place in his life that none of them could occupy. He often discussed important matters with her, as when he invited Evelyn into the queen’s bedchamber and together all three of them pored over designs for the rebuilding of London after the fire. - From ‘All the Kings Women’ by Derek Wilson
Daughters of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange
By Gerrit van Honthorst
Charles I on the walls of Chester
By Robert Alexander Hillingford
King William III
by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, circa 1690
Charles Fitzroy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, Grandson of Charles II and Barbara Villiers
By Sir Godfrey Kneller
Barbara Talbot (1665–1763), Viscountess Longueville, as a Girl
by Godfrey Kneller
Edward, Count Palatine of Simmern
By Gerrit van Honthorst
Edward, Count Palatine of Simmern , 5 October 1625 – 10 March 1663, was the sixth son of Frederick V, Elector Palatine (of the House of Wittelsbach), the “Winter King” of Bohemia, by his consort, the English princess Elizabeth Stuart.
Edward, the younger brother of Prince Rupert of the Rhine, was said to be exceptionally good looking, with black hair and black eyes.
At the age of twenty one Edward married a French Catholic bride eight years his senior. Anne de Gonzague, daughter of the Duke of Nevers, was celebrated in Parisian society for her wit, beauty and wealth. Her affairs were well known but after she fell in love with Edward her only intrigues were political and she became a well known writer. Upon his marriage Edward converted to Catholicism, despite his mothers threats to disown him. Together they had three daughters.
If Edward had not converted to Catholicism, it is possible that the English throne would have been inherited by his descendants rather than those of his Protestant sister, Sophia, Electress of Hanover.
Archibald Campbell (1629–1685), 9th Earl of Argyll, Confederate of the Duke of Monmouth
by unknown artist