Edward, Count Palatine of Simmern
By Gerrit van Honthorst
Edward, Count Palatine of Simmern , 5 October 1625 – 10 March 1663, was the sixth son of Frederick V, Elector Palatine (of the House of Wittelsbach), the “Winter King” of Bohemia, by his consort, the English princess Elizabeth Stuart.
Edward, the younger brother of Prince Rupert of the Rhine, was said to be exceptionally good looking, with black hair and black eyes.
At the age of twenty one Edward married a French Catholic bride eight years his senior. Anne de Gonzague, daughter of the Duke of Nevers, was celebrated in Parisian society for her wit, beauty and wealth. Her affairs were well known but after she fell in love with Edward her only intrigues were political and she became a well known writer. Upon his marriage Edward converted to Catholicism, despite his mothers threats to disown him. Together they had three daughters.
If Edward had not converted to Catholicism, it is possible that the English throne would have been inherited by his descendants rather than those of his Protestant sister, Sophia, Electress of Hanover.
Archibald Campbell (1629–1685), 9th Earl of Argyll, Confederate of the Duke of Monmouth
by unknown artist
The Duke of Monmouth Pleading for his Life Before King James II
By John Pettie
Depiction of a scene between James II and the Duke of Monmouth, after the failure of the Monmouth rebellion in 1685.
The Duke lies face downwards on the floor, his hands tied behind his back, crawling at the feet of the King pleading for his life.
James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, was an illegitimate son of Charles II and pretender to the British throne. On Charles II’s death in 1685, he led an expedition to Britain from abroad but was defeated and captured by James, brother of Charles. He tried to purchase his life by a slavish submission and offer to take on the Roman faith. James refused to accept the offer. Monmouth eventually met his death at the Tower of London in 1685.
James I of England and VI of Scotland 1566-1625, after John de Critz
Mary Queen of Scots
Rowland Lockey (after)
This early 17th-century portrait is believed to be based on a work by Rowland Lockey. Lockey was commissioned to paint over 30 pictures by William Cavendish (later First Earl of Devonshire) for Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire, including a portrait of Mary, Queen of Scots, the head of which relates to this work. Lockey’s original may be derived from a miniature, painted from life during Mary’s imprisonment at Sheffield Castle.
This summer I went camping on the Isle of Wight, so of course I had to visit Carisbrooke Castle where Charles I was imprisoned before his trial in 1649.
The top photo is of his room at the castle, which is actually rather nice!
The bottom picture is of the memorial to Charles in the chapel.
Mary, Princess of Orange (1631-1660) daughter of King Charles I; consort of William II of Orange-Nassau
Sir Anthony van Dyck (after)